SNAPSHOT: A Bumpy Road to Paris Implementation as Countries Prepared for COP 24

 
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In the months leading up to this year’s United Nations climate conference in Katowice, Poland, negotiators worked toward completion of the all-important rulebook for implementing the 2015 Paris Agreement, and several individual countries announced faster, deeper targets for reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. But while the year saw progress, it still wasn’t nearly fast enough or ambitious enough to bring the worst effects of global climate change under control.

Stumbling Toward a Decision

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s landmark report on pathways to climate stabilization was one of the top climate stories of the year, with its dual emphasis on the cataclysmic hazards of exceeding the 1.5°C “guardrail” for average global warming and the pathways for avoiding those outcomes. Early leaks of the report indicated the atmosphere was on track to exceed the 1.5°C threshold by 2040.

Ahead of the report’s release in early October, there were fears the IPCC would pull its punches in laying out the 1.5°C challenge, and epic climate laggards like Saudi Arabia did their best to make that fear a reality during final negotiations in Incheon, South Korea. In the end, science prevailed, said Climate Action Network-Canada Executive Director Catherine Abreu, who anchored the 40-member civil society delegation that helped wrangle a positive outcome from the negotiations. The final document combined urgency with hope and stressed that every additional 0.1°C of global warming is a choice between life and death, as IPCC delegates called for drastic cuts in coal production to protect the 1.5°C target. Climate Home News was out quickly with the 37 things you need to know about the IPCC report.

Before and after the IPCC meeting, there was no shortage of urgent calls for action, with UN Secretary General António Guterres pleading for a faster response to avert runaway climate change, ex-U.S. climate envoy Todd Stern urging countries not to backslide on Paris implementation, and UN climate secretary Patricia Espinosa declaring that countries will finish the Paris rulebook this year, with or without the participation of a climate-denying Trump administration in Washington.

But getting there was easier said than done. Mid-year negotiations in Bonn, Germany opened with calls for faster action and tougher carbon reduction targets, but ultimately bogged down so badly that countries agreed to a supplementary negotiating session in Bangkok in September. While they were in Bonn, most rich countries didn’t even bother showing up for a crucial dialogue session on how to compensate the world’s most vulnerable nations and regions for the impacts of a global crisis they had virtually no role in bringing about.

The Bangkok talks opened with Espinosa, Fiji Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, former UN secretary-general Ban Ki-Moon, and key climate campaigners once again urging faster action on Paris implementation and climate finance, as the World Resources Institute (WRI) laid out three must-do challenges for climate negotiators to address. The meetings ended up stalemated on key issues, leaving WRI to issue yet another call for progress as delegates gathered for yet another pre-meeting in Krakow, Poland in late October.

Poland itself became a focal point for concern in the weeks and months leading up to COP 24, with the coal state’s far right government announcing ominous plans in late April to limit protests during the international conference and collect personal data on civil society delegates. The new security law received a harsh response from international human rights experts, but was still in effect as the conference dates approached.

Fossil Fuels or a Stable Climate: Pick One

Throughout the year, a steady stream of studies and reports pointed to the wide gap between countries’ response to the climate crisis and the greenhouse gas reductions required to hit the 2.0°C goal in the Paris Agreement, much less the 1.5°C threshold that gained clear recognition in 2018 as an essential target for climate stabilization.

In March, the International Energy Agency reported that global greenhouse gas emissions had increased 1.4% in 2017, after three years of stability. “The failure of emissions to rise between 2014 and 2016 had suggested to analysts that something may have finally changed in the global energy economy—a possible ‘decoupling’ of emissions growth from steady economic growth, thanks to the proliferation of renewables and increasing energy efficiency,” the Washington Post reported in late March. “Now, that hopeful assumption is being called into question,” and “the IEA’s findings will undoubtedly feed into an increasingly urgent international climate dialogue about how to strengthen countries’ promises under the Paris climate agreement.”

Subsequent IEA reports showed 34 out of 38 energy technologies and energy-intensive sectors falling short of the Paris targets, Oil Change International said the IEA’s own modelling projections were leading countries over a cliff, the UK’s Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research urged tougher national targets, Carbon Tracker said coal plant retirements must triple, Stockholm Environment Institute Senior Scientist Pete Erickson told The Narwhal that any new fossil infrastructure would imperil domestic and international climate goals, and Oil Change said the G20’s plans for new natural gas plants would undercut Paris. Multilateral banks were falling short of the Paris goals as fossil subsidy dollars continued to flow, and some big insurers continued to invest in coal and tar sands/oil sands projects, although others adopted tougher policies.

Countries and Investors Step Up

Amid the mounting urgency, there were signs of progress, both in theory and in practice. An in-depth analysis by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate pointed to a US$26-trillion opportunity in the post-carbon transition, in a use-it-or-lose-it moment that could deliver 65 million low-carbon jobs, prevent 700,000 premature deaths, and generate $2.8 trillion in government revenues by 2030.

Big institutional investors pushed for more decisive action on climate during the annual G7 meeting in Malbaie, Quebec, just a week after the meeting’s host, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, made the stunning decision to buy a tar sands/oil sands pipeline from Houston-based Kinder Morgan Inc. Renewable power generation posted record growth, and the International Renewable Energy Agency said renewables could hit the Paris targets with a six-fold increase that would also deliver massive cost savings. The world’s biggest petro-states faced pressure to diversify their economies and cut fossil subsidies, and one analyst proposed assigning each citizen of the world a 100-tonne lifetime limit on carbon emissions as a basis for a sustainable carbon budget.

Fifteen countries promised to strengthen their Paris commitments ahead of the 2020 target date for a new round of carbon reduction pledges. India looked likely to miss its 2025 target for installing a massive 175 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity, but was still achieving fast renewables growth and major cost reductions. China led the world in clean energy investment in 2017 and laid plans to boost its renewable energy target from 20 to 35% by 2030. Brazil’s new president had alarming plans to target the Amazon and the Indigenous communities that depend on it, eliminate his country’s environment ministry, and possibly withdraw from the Paris Agreement, after appointing a climate-denying anti-globalist with minimal diplomatic experience as foreign minister. Climate Home News reported that Amazon deforestation was already rising during the election campaign, in anticipation of Jair Bolsonaro’s win.

China Paints Complex Picture of Climate Leadership, Second Thoughts

The news from China in 2018 pointed to continuing contradictions in the policies of a newly emergent superpower that had committed to lead on global climate strategy, faces its own domestic imperatives to do so, but is also caught in the throes of a complicated transition off fossil fuels.

With Donald Trump’s arrival in the White House, China had said it was ready to assume the sole mantle of global climate leadership in response to the United States’ “political selfishness” and capture the massive economic and geopolitical benefits of doing so. But the limits on that position soon came into focus, and they persisted into 2018.

Early in the year, observers were still discussing and dissecting President Xi Jinping’s stirring call in October 2017 for an “ecological civilization” that ensures “harmony between human and nature.” Xi’s speech to the Communist Party congress in Beijing envisioned a “legal and policy framework” that “facilitates green, low-carbon, and circular development,” promotes afforestation and wetland conservation and restoration, and takes “tough steps to stop and punish all activities” that damage the environment. “What we are doing today,” Xi concluded, is “to build an ecological civilization that will benefit generations to come.”

But by November 2018, with the effects of Trump’s trade war setting in, Greenpeace East Asia climate advisor Li Shuo saw China’s interest in climate leadership taking a back seat to more traditional strategic concerns. In a post for The Diplomat, he said the country’s wider concerns about the U.S. agenda were “shifting Beijing’s perception of the West as well as its own position in the world. Barely a year has passed since President Xi Jinping proudly declared his vision for China to be a ‘participant, contributor, and leader’ in global environmental affairs. Now, confidence is waning. With its rapid rise directly confronted by the most powerful nation in the world, the mood in Beijing is bleak.”

At least three news reports in four months had China leading the world in clean energy investment, and the country announced in late March that it had hit its 2020 emissions reduction target two years early. Later in the year, China laid out plans to increase its 2030 renewable energy target from 20% to at least 35% of electricity production, after scaling back renewables subsidies and introducing policies to enable solar and wind to compete at “grid price parity.”

But an investigative report also revealed that China was quietly restarting construction on 46.7 gigawatts of new coal capacity it had mothballed two years before—even though a glut of electricity was turning some of its existing plants into money-losing ventures—as bluer skies over Beijing translated into hardship for industrial workers. An emerging deal to fund a coal plant in Kenya became an embodiment of the contradiction in China’s climate leadership. There was speculation that Canada’s trading relationship with China might have been one factor in the Trudeau government’s decision to buy the Trans Mountain pipeline, and the prospect of an ice-free Arctic had China laying plans for a new polar silk road.

A mid-January report had the European Parliament falling short of its 2030 energy targets. But by May, the European Union was considering a net-zero emissions target for 2050, and in November the EU adopted an energy efficiency and renewable energy plan that was sufficient to overshoot its 2030 carbon goals. Ireland voted to divest from fossil fuels, and the UK’s renewable energy capacity exceeded that of its fossil fuel installations for the first time. Germany faced mounting pressure to phase out coal as a 2019 planning deadline approached, even as the country admitted it would miss its emissions reduction target for 2020. France announced a fossil production ban designed to keep five billion barrels of oil in the ground, and set a 2021 deadline for phasing out coal, while Finland unveiled a 2029 coal phaseout plan, with incentives for faster action. Iceland aimed for full carbon neutrality by 2040.

New Zealand’s new government banned all new oil and gas exploration, as backbenchers worked across party lines to craft a credible national climate policy. Australia’s continuing political strife over climate, fossil energy, and climate denial showed parallels with the United States and held possible portents for Canada. Massive job counts showed renewable energy and energy efficiency taking hold in every U.S. zip code, and California Governor Jerry Brown renewed his pledge to “launch our own damn satellite” if the U.S. government didn’t step up and show climate leadership. California, Colorado, and Mexico won leadership awards for reductions in climate-busting methane emissions. Nineteen cities with a combined population of 130 million committed to net-zero-carbon buildings by 2030.

Massive loopholes in international trade regimes were keeping 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions outside national climate plans. France’s foreign minister told the U.S. there would be no trade deal between the two countries if the Trump administration withdrew from the Paris Agreement, President Emmanuel Macron urged the EU to take the same position, Sierra Club senior attorney Steve Herz agreed, and Trump’s withdrawal threat put a possible border adjustment tax back on the table. Canada and the EU added climate provisions to their Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) in what was interpreted as a visible snub of Trump.

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Anxious to deflect surging international criticism for its continuing commitment to exporting coal power to developing countries, Japan is vowing to tighten its export policies to align them with the demands of the 2015 Paris Agreement. But details remain under wraps and environmentalists are unimpressed.

Proponent of Pulling U.S. Out of Paris Deal Becomes EPA Chief of Staff

Study Catches Denier Bots Generating One-Quarter of Climate Messages on Twitter

An “army of automated Twitter bots” is hijacking the conversation about climate change, generating one-quarter of the tweets on the topic on the average day, The Guardian reports, citing as-yet unpublished research by a team at Brown University.

Meetings Industry Has No Plan to Address Air Travel as Backlash Mounts

As It Happened: Pressure Was Building Against Teck Mine Proposal as 41 Nobel Laureates Weighed In

With the federal cabinet still on track last week to decide whether to approve the C$20.6-billion Teck Frontier megaproject, 41 Nobel laureates urged the government to reject the project, a columnist argued that any decision was better than postponing the issue, and the company that ultimately pulled the plug on its own proposal was already considering exiting the tar sands/oil sands entirely.

Four Former Climate Negotiators Demanded Trudeau ‘End the Hypocrisy’, Reject Teck

Days before Teck Resources dealt the final death blow to its own tar sands/oil sands mine in northern Alberta, four former Canadian climate negotiators called on the Trudeau government to “end the hypocrisy” and reject the project, pointing out that Canadian fossil production is still projected to skyrocket in spite of the country’s promises to cut emissions.

Federal Budget Must Scale Up Energy Efficiency, Signal Long-Term Commitment, Analysts Urge

After Canadians voted for strong climate action in last fall’s federal election, and all the political parties represented in Parliament included energy efficiency in their platforms, the upcoming federal budget is an essential opportunity to slash pollution, create jobs, and make everyone’s lives more comfortable, Efficiency Canada argues in a recent opinion piece.

Come Clean Quickly on Climate, Carney Urges Business

Royal Bank of Scotland headquarters

Royal Bank of Scotland Vows to Stop Funding Coal by 2030, Set Stricter Rules for Oil and Gas

The Royal Bank of Scotland will stop lending to coal projects by 2030, set stricter rules for oil and gas funding, cut its net greenhouse gas emissions to zero this year, and make its operations “climate positive” by 2025, under a new strategy it released Friday alongside its annual financial results.

Week 4, January 27: Our Climate Investments

To address the climate and ecological emergencies and to support Canada’s transition to renewable energy and ecologically-managed forestry, farming and fisheries, in addition to large private sector investments, the Bank of Canada, new public banks, utilities, municipalities and citizens will collectively invest $62.7 billion a year, representing 3.6% of Canada’s estimated $1,735 billion GDP in 2020.

National Climate Plans Need Free-Flowing Rivers

Teck Mine a ‘Pretty Easy No’, Liberal MPs Tell Trudeau in Raucous Caucus Meeting

Liberal Members of Parliament are taking a loud stand against Teck Resources’ C$20.6-billion Frontier tar sands/oil sands mine proposal, with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau receiving an “earful” at a caucus meeting Wednesday, Huffington Post Canada reports.

56% of Americans Cite Climate as Top Concern as Anxiety Crosses Party Lines

More than half of Americans see climate change as the most important issue facing society today, according to a December, 2019 Harris poll released this week by the American Psychological Association.

Ukraine Sets Green Deal to Cut Fossil Imports

Wilkinson Wants More Detail After Teck Promises Net-Zero by 2050

Environment and Climate Minister Jonathan Wilkinson says he’s waiting for more detail before deciding whether Teck Resources’ promise to make its operations net-zero for emissions by 2050 will influence cabinet’s decision on the company’s C$20.6-billion Frontier tar sands/oil sands mine proposal.

African Development Bank Hires Ottawa Lobbyist, Seeking Funds ‘to Develop Climate Capacity’

The African Development Bank has hired an Ottawa lobbyist to reinforce its quest for funds to help the continent “develop the capacity to address climate change”, iPolitics reports.

State and Local Progress Can’t Outweigh White House Hostility to Climate Action

While climate action by U.S. states and cities is paying off, with participating jurisdictions now representing nearly 70% of U.S. GDP and population and accounting for more than 50% of national emissions, even the biggest wins can’t make up for the lack of federal support under Donald Trump. 

But with a U-turn in national policy after next January’s presidential inauguration, there’s still a prospect that the United States could nearly halve its emissions by 2030, InsideClimate News reports.

With Democratic Reforms in Place, Maldives Rejoins Commonwealth

Wind turbines

‘Rare, Happy News’ from Climatologists: Worst-Case Warming Now ‘Increasingly Implausible’

It doesn’t make the climate crisis any less urgent, but there’s a growing view among scientists that humanity’s decarbonization efforts so far have dodged the worst climate outcomes projected in the last global assessment report in 2014.

Climate Targets Impede ‘Maximization’ of Carbon Reductions, Monbiot Warns

Rather than setting climate targets that become the minimum politicians strive for, it’s time to adopt a “maximization” strategy to get the climate emergency under control, argues British author and activist George Monbiot, in a post for The Guardian that points to the UK’s widely-cited Committee on Climate Change (CCC) as an example of failed incrementalism.

Jonathan WIlkinson

Cabinet Could Delay Teck Decision, as Company Says Mega-Mine May Never Be Built

Maneuvering around Teck Resources’ controversial Frontier tar sands/oil sands proposal is heating up, with Environment and Climate Minister Jonathan Wilkinson saying Cabinet review of the project may be delayed, while Teck CEO Don Lindsay says it’s “anyone’s guess” whether his company will build the C$20.6-billion project if it’s approved.

Reject Teck Wilkinson petition

41,500 Petition Signatures Urge Wilkinson, Federal Cabinet to Reject Teck Frontier Mine

Climate campaigners delivered a petition with 41,500 signatures to Environment Minister Jonathan Wilkinson’s North Vancouver constituency office Friday, demanding the federal Cabinet reject Teck Resources’ proposed C$20.6-billion Frontier tar sands/oil sands megaproject in Alberta.

Analysts See Pitfalls in ‘Blue Carbon’ Offsets

Wilkinson Tips Early Moves on Just Transition Act, Tougher 2030 Carbon Target

The second-term Trudeau government is considering kicking off its legislative response to the climate crisis with a new Just Transition Act, adjustments to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), and new carbon reduction measures aimed at exceeding its Harper-era goal of reducing the country’s greenhouse gas emissions 30% by 2030, iPolitics reports, citing an interview late last week with Environment Minister Jonathan Wilkinson.

Spain Adopts National Climate Emergency Declaration

Spain adopted a climate emergency declaration earlier this week, with officials promising to send legislation to the national parliament in the next 100 days to drive action on the crisis.

College Republicans Press Party for Climate Policy

Thunberg Demands Action, Fossils Tout Carbon Capture as Greenpeace Calls Out Fossil Investors at Davos Forum

The annual World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland was a study in contrasts yesterday, with #FridaysforFuture founder Greta Thunberg slamming the world’s governments and business elites for climate inaction while the fossil industry touted carbon capture and storage as the path to climate stability.

Scientists Declare 2010s the Hottest Decade, 2019 the Second-Warmest Year on Record

NASA and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have declared the 2010s the hottest 10 years on record, with 2019 the second-warmest ever, findings confirmed by climate-related devastation around the globe.

Roberts: Kerry and ‘the Kids’ Try Different Climate Action Strategies

BlackRock CEO’s Influential Annual Letter Emphasizes Climate Risk, Fossil Divestment

BlackRock CEO Larry Fink is promising to pay attention to the climate crisis and avoid investing in companies that “present a high sustainability-related risk” in his widely-read and influential annual letter to chief executives of the world’s biggest companies.

UK Pension Funds Press Barclays Bank to Stop Lending Money to Fossils

In the United Kingdom’s first-ever shareholder climate resolution aimed at a bank, a group of 11 pension and investment funds is urging Barclays to stop lending money to fossil fuel companies.

‘Good News-Bad News’ Report Shows U.S. Emissions Down 2% in 2019

The United States saw its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions decline last year, according to new analysis last week by the New York-based Rhodium Group, with reductions in the electricity sector coming on strong and fast enough to offset increases in other parts of the economy.

UK Government Takes Fire for Delaying Net-Zero Plan to End of Year

Equinor Promises to Cut Production Emissions 40% by 2030

Campaigners Press Scotland to Ban Fossil Lobbying at COP 26

The next United Nations climate conference, COP 26, is still 10 months away from convening in Glasgow. But campaigners are already calling for the Scottish government to help pressure the United Kingdom to keep fossil lobbyists away from the negotiations.

Government-Backed Report Urges China to Stop Building Coal Plants, Use Existing Ones Less

A new report co-authored by China’s government-backed National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) says phasing out construction of all new coal-fired generating stations is the most economically achievable way to hit the country’s long-term climate targets.

COP 25 Becomes First to Use ‘F Words’ to Call Out Fossil Fuels

Disastrously as COP 25 turned out for anyone expecting coordinated action on a mounting global emergency, two of the world’s leading climate campaigners are pointing to a shift in language and emphasis that could echo through future UN climate conferences for years to come. For the first time, report Catherine Abreu and Jamie Henn, institutions and UN diplomats up to and including Secretary General António Guterres used the “F words”—fossil fuels—to name and call out the major cause of the climate crisis, and of the chronic dysfunction in the hallways and back rooms of the COP itself.

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Five Colossal Fossils Face 2020 Shareholder Resolutions on Emission Reductions, Paris Compliance

Colossal fossils ExxonMobil, Chevron, Royal Dutch Shell, BP, and Equinor can expect to see shareholder resolutions in the first half of 2020 urging them to cut their carbon emissions in line with the targets in the Paris Agreement, after Netherlands-based responsible investment advocates Follow This announced a stepped-up campaign.

Europe Threatens Border Adjustment Tariff for Climate Laggards Like U.S.

In what Politico interprets as a lesson learned from Donald Trump’s trade wars, the European Union is threatening a carbon tariff on countries like the United States that refuse to step up and commit to getting their greenhouse gas emissions under control.

Jurisdictions with Net Zero Plans or Aspirations Now Produce 40% of Global GDP

About 40% of the world’s economic activity, totalling US$34.6 trillion, now takes place in jurisdictions that have adopted or proposed plans to bring their carbon emissions to net zero by 2050 or before, according to analysis released last week by the UK’s Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU).

Fossil ‘Youth-Washing’ Includes Sponsorship Funding, Free Trips to COP

Youth climate activists are crying foul as fossil companies keen to burnish their public images as “makers” of the future woo young people with protestations of concern, and promises of funding, while continuing to push US$1.4 trillion in new oil and gas projects through 2024.

COP 25

‘Disgraceful’ COP 25 Shows Big Emitters ‘Betraying People Across the World’

After running 44 hours beyond its scheduled end time, this year’s United Nations climate conference dissolved in failure, frustration, and anger Sunday morning, with a large bloc of countries and an exhausted climate advocacy community blaming the world’s biggest emitters and the fossil fuel interests behind them.

Victor: Acting on Emission Cuts, Solving ‘Hard Problems’ Matters More than Statements of Ambition

The utter failure of leadership at this year’s United Nations climate conference shows that the next step for climate leaders is to evaluate everything they do “through the lens of whether it increases the chances of followership,” international relations specialist David G. Victor writes for the New York Times.

Melting Permafrost Turns Arctic into Net Source of Greenhouse Gases

As scientists grow ever more certain that the Arctic is becoming a net contributor to climate change as its carbon- and methane-heavy permafrost melts, the 35 million people who call the polar region home fear exposure to heavy metals and dangerous pathogens, while witnessing a collapsing food chain.

House of Commons Motion Backs a Green New Deal for Canada

The first motion filed in the reconstituted House of Commons calls for MPs to endorse a Green New Deal for Canada.

Globe and Mail Editorial Rejects International Carbon Credits for LNG Exports

The Globe and Mail editorial board is weighing in against the fossil industry’s increasingly faint hope that Canada can earn international carbon reduction credits for exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Asia.

New UK Government Faces Steep Climb on Net-Zero Target, Power Supply Post-Brexit

Implementing the United Kingdom’s net-zero by 2050 target, eliminating planning bottlenecks for offshore wind, and keeping post-Brexit power connections with Europe smooth, especially for Ireland, are three challenges facing Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Greentech Media reports, in a follow-up on the election last week that brought Johnson a majority government.

500 B Corporations Pledge to Hit Net-Zero Target by 2030, 20 Years Ahead of Paris Schedule

A list of more than 500 B Corps that includes The Body Shop, New Zealand-American shoemaker Allbirds, California-based health and personal care manufacturer Dr. Bronners, and Canadian renewable energy project developer 3Degrees have pledged to hit a net-zero target for their operations by 2030, 20 years ahead of the deadline in the Paris Agreement.

Ontario’s New Hydro One CEO Plans Climate Focus

U.S. Declared ‘Climate Criminal’ as ‘Stalemated’ COP 25 Limps to a Close

Reporters on the ground described two weeks of stalemated United Nations climate negotiations limping to a close, a diplomat branded the United States a “climate criminal” for its stance on the crucial issue of loss and damage, and the hundreds of youth, Indigenous, and other community representatives onsite talked about the grassroot action back home that will continue to spur faster, more ambitious climate action, as COP 25 entered its final hours in Madrid.

Thunberg Named Time Magazine Person of the Year

For speaking truth to power, and inspiring millions of people of all ages around the world to do the same, 16 year-old #FridaysForFuture founder Greta Thunberg has been named Time Magazine’s Person of the Year for 2019.

Jonathan Wilkinson COP 25 climate Canada

Canada Pledges Net Zero by 2050 as Major Emitters Dig In to Block COP 25 Progress

Canada earned praise for promising to legislate a 2050 deadline for net-zero carbon emissions, but big emitters like Australia, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, India, and China were called out for blocking progress, as COP 25 moved into a crucial round of high-level negotiations this week in Madrid.

Wilkinson Throws Cold Water on Carbon Credits for LNG Exports

Environment and Climate Change Minister Jonathan Wilkinson is raising major flags about the fossil industry’s hope of using liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports to earn carbon reduction credits under the hotly-contested Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, and aiming to meet Canada’s Paris targets without resorting to international carbon trades.

Oceans Face Oxygen Loss, Acidification as Warming Challenges Ability to Absorb Carbon

With the Earth’s oceans rapidly and dangerously losing oxygen due to a combination of global warming and pollution, Greenpeace is urging countries to restore and protect the planet’s marine ecosystems, both for their own sake and because a healthy ocean is vital to fighting the climate emergency.

Crossword Puzzle Tests COP Delegates’ Knowledge on Fossil Fuel Phaseout

Just when you thought there was nothing but despair emanating from UN climate negotiations in Madrid, that there was no creative way to push recalcitrant big emitters toward the end of the fossil fuel era, Climate Action Network-International is out with a crossword puzzle primer (yes! a crossword puzzle!) on the fossil phaseout.

U.S., Canadian Fossils to Lead $1.4 Trillion in New Oil and Gas Development Through 2024

Fossils in the United States and Canada are leading plans to invest another US$1.4 trillion in new oil and gas extraction projects over the next five years, even though the industry already has enough existing fields and mines to blow past a 1.5°C limit on average global warming and nearly exhaust the carbon budget for 2.0°C, according to an analysis released late last week by the Global Gas & Oil Network (GGON).

Denmark to Cut Emissions 70% by 2030 While New Zealand Adopts Climate Policy Lens

Two of the world’s wealthier countries have committed to a more ambitious response to the climate crisis, with Denmark adopting a 2030 deadline for a 70% emissions reduction and New Zealand declaring it will filter all major government decisions through a “climate lens”—although observers aren’t unanimously excited about New Zealand’s plan.

Need to Get It Right: Article 6 Could Trigger Faster Carbon Cuts or Massive Greenwashing

It could make or break the success of the Paris Agreement. It’s a notably complicated section of an international accord that is already arcane and nuanced by real-world standards. And as negotiations passed their midpoint Friday, many participants at this year’s UN climate conference, COP 25, said they would rather postpone final drafting of Article 6 than settle for a bad decision.

Carbon Pricing ‘Isn’t the Only Tool in the Toolbox’: Wilkinson

Carbon pricing is just one part of a complete climate plan, and it will be at least two years before the Canadian government decides whether to extend the federal floor price beyond C$50 per tonne after 2022, Environment and Climate Minister Jonathan Wilkinson told The Canadian Press last week.

Throne speech Ottawa 2019 climate action emissions Trudeau Payette

Wilkinson Vows Tougher 2030 Emissions Target as Throne Speech Promises Net-Zero by 2050

A 2050 deadline to achieve net-zero emissions, a price on carbon in every part of the country, and new initiatives on energy-efficient buildings, zero-emission vehicles, “clean, affordable power”, and climate change adaptation are major elements of the legislative program the incoming federal government laid out in the Speech from the Throne delivered in Ottawa yesterday by Governor General Julie Payette.

Thunberg arrives Madrid COP 25 bossito:Twitter

‘Two Worlds Collide’ as Urgent Street Protests Meet Slow, Deliberate COP Negotiations

With negotiations at this year’s United Nations climate conference in Madrid, COP 25, reaching their midpoint, some delegates and observers are getting a sense of what Climate Home News calls “two worlds about to collide”.

New Coal Plant Construction Puts Indonesia at Odds with 1.5°C Carbon Target

Even as its neighbours join the rest of the world in turning increasingly away from coal, Indonesia is charging full steam ahead with new coal plant construction, putting any hope of aligning with a 1.5°C average global warming target under the 2015 Paris Agreement in serious jeopardy along the way.

Alberta Fossils Aim to Push More Oil Through the Same Pipes

With the three new pipelines they’ve been counting on all delayed, Alberta fossils are looking to at least two new strategies to push more bitumen through the pipes and rail lines they’ve already got, even as two major tar sands/oil sands operators cut back their investment plans for 2020.

‘Unglamourous’ Manure Workshop Brings Ground-Up Solutions to COP 25

The emissions reduction potential of manure was the decidedly…earthy, if “unglamourous” focus of a pre-conference workshop attached to United Nations climate negotiations in Madrid, according to ECO, the daily conference newsletter produced by Climate Action Network-International.

WMO Declares 2010s the Warmest Decade on Record as Climate Impacts Accelerate

The 2010s are almost certain to take their place as the warmest decade on record, and 2015-2019 as the five-year span with the highest average temperatures ever, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reports, in a dire provisional statement released Tuesday at the beginning of this year’s United Nations climate negotiations in Madrid.

António Guterres

COP 25: Guterres Conveys ‘Hope, Not Despair’ as Vulnerable Countries Demand Action

UN Secretary General António Guterres showed up with a mix of urgency and hope, the Climate Vulnerable Forum called for a commitment from countries to adopt more ambitious climate targets by next year, and delegates heard from youth leaders and businesses, movie stars and retired politicians pushing for faster, deeper carbon cuts as COP 25 negotiations in Madrid got under way Monday and Tuesday.

‘Transformational Ramping Up’ Can Deliver 50% Emissions Reduction by 2030

It will take a “transformational ramping up” with all the world’s biggest emitters fully onboard. But with a 50% improvement in emission reduction targets for 2030, the countries attending this year’s UN climate negotiations in Madrid can get back on track to meet the 1.5°C target in the Paris Agreement, Berlin-based Climate Analytics concludes in a report released on the eve of the conference.

Throne Speech in Ottawa, COP Negotiations in Madrid Raise Pressure on Canada for Climate Action

With a much-anticipated Speech from the Throne taking place tomorrow in Ottawa, and United Nations climate negotiations under way in Madrid, the Trudeau government is under sustained pressure to make climate action a priority at home and do its fair share internationally to limit average global warming to 1.5°C.

Fossil of the Day Award Australia Brazil Japan Climate Action Network International COP 25

Australia, Brazil, Japan Share Fossil of the Day (Dis)Honours as COP Negotiations Get Under Way

Australia, Brazil, and Japan found themselves in a three-way tie yesterday for Fossil of the Day, the coveted award from Climate Action Network-International for the country or institution that has done the most to obstruct progress at UN climate negotiations, taking place this year in Madrid.

Investors Scorch Big Four Auditing Firms for Failing to Assess Climate Risk

The world’s four biggest auditing firms are taking fire for their failure to adequately assess the systemic risks posed by climate change, with 29 European investors managing more than £1 trillion (US$1.28 trillion) in assets warning the gap in their analysis could do more harm than the 2008 financial crash.

COP 25

‘Vanguard vs. Laggards’: Spain Presses COP 25 Delegates for Faster, Deeper Carbon Cuts

As this year’s United Nations climate change conference, COP 25, got under way in Madrid, initial news coverage pointed to a division between the plodding, formal negotiating process and the broader, global urgency of getting 195 countries together to find common ground on a more urgent response to the climate crisis.

Nine Climate Tipping Points Could Pose ‘Existential Threat to Civilization’, Scientists Warn

With this year’s United Nations climate conference set to kick off in Madrid Monday morning, the Earth is in danger of crossing as many as nine crucial climate “tipping points” that represent an “existential threat to civilization”, scientists warn in a commentary published Wednesday in the journal Nature.

U.S. Chamber of Commerce Abandons Climate Denial

Carbon emissions from a coal plant in Germany

Record GHG Concentrations Prompt Call for Drastic Action to Reduce Emissions

A pair of alarming reports from United Nations agencies shows greenhouse gas emissions at record levels and rising at a faster annual rate, meaning that efforts to counter the climate crisis must increase three- to five-fold to avoid a world of 3.2°C average global warming in less than 100 years.

EU European Union

EU to Declare Climate Emergency Ahead of UN Climate Conference Next Week

European Union legislators are on track to declare a climate emergency ahead of the annual United Nations climate conference opening next week in Madrid, while stressing that the symbolic statement must be backed up by action.

Fossil fuel production planned and projected by countries

Fossil Production Plans, Subsidies Put Countries Far Beyond 1.5°C Paris Target

The world’s governments are on track to produce more than twice as much oil, gas, and coal as the amounts that would enable them to hold average global warming to 1.5°C, according to a first-ever production gap report produced by the United Nations Environment Programme and five senior environmental research NGOs.

Wind power turbine

Companies, Scientists Press IEA for More Ambitious Carbon Reduction Scenarios

A list of 65 pension fund, insurance, science, and large corporate representatives are adding their voices to the chorus of criticism calling on the International Energy Agency (IEA) to shift the way it projects future fossil fuel demand to account for the climate crisis.

European Investment Bank divests oil gas coal

World’s Biggest Public Lender Announces End to Fossil Project Funding

In a blockbuster announcement yesterday, the European Investment Bank pledged to end most or all of its financing for fossil energy projects by the end of 2021 and devote future financing to “accelerate clean energy innovation, energy efficiency, and renewables,” a move it says will “unlock €1 trillion of climate action and environmental sustainable investment in the decade to 2030.”

IEA Drives Fossil Growth, Climate Breakdown with Latest World Energy Outlook

The International Energy Agency (IEA) is undercutting its own, essential role in confronting the climate crisis by downplaying renewable energy options and driving future investment to more expensive, higher-carbon fossil fuels, according to analysts responding to the release of its annual World Energy Outlook report earlier this week.

Climate Costs to Taxpayers Will Spiral Unless Australia Introduces New Policies

Shareholders Push BHP to Quit Australia Mineral Council

Trump Withdrawal from Paris Fails to Derail U.S. Climate Action

Donald Trump filed formal notice this week that the United States will withdraw from the 2015 Paris Agreement. But the decision doesn’t take effect until the day after next year’s presidential election, Trump’s successor will be able to rejoin the agreement on 30 days’ notice—and analysis shows the former reality TV star has failed to completely derail his country’s progress on greenhouse gas reductions.

World’s Biggest Fossils Must Cut Output 35% by 2040 to Hit 1.5°C Warming Target

The world’s seven biggest fossil companies, including ExxonMobil, BP, and Shell, must cut their oil and gas production 35% by 2040 to avoid driving average global warming above 1.5°C, according to a new analysis published last week by UK-based Carbon Tracker.

Get Started Now on Deeper Emissions Cuts, Climate Organizations Urge Federal Parties

The four federal parties that went out to voters this fall with strong climate policies had better get started on implementing those policies right now, a coalition of Canadian climate organizations asserted Friday.

Change of Location for COP 25 Leaves Thunberg Stuck on the Wrong Continent

The decision to relocate this year’s United Nations climate conference, COP 25, from Santiago, Chile to Madrid, Spain has left #FridaysforFuture founder Greta Thunberg stuck on the wrong continent, with just four weeks remaining before the annual negotiating session convenes.

Harvey: Journalists Must Ensure Climate Denial ‘Has No Place Left to Hide’

As the scientific reality of the climate crisis becomes ever more obvious and immediate, veteran UK environmental reporter Fiona Harvey warns her fellow journalists to expect rearguard actions from remaining climate denialists to become ever more vicious as they find themselves “running out of rope”.

B.C. Introduces Climate Accountability, Independent Monitoring

COP 26 Delegates in Glasgow Could Be Housed on Cruise Ships

Analysis: Encana Departure Puts Canada, Alberta at Crossroads to a Carbon-Free Future

The overwrought grief that greeted Encana Corporation’s decision to move its Calgary head office to the United States shows Canada and Alberta at a crossroads, facing an increasingly obvious choice between yesterday’s energy options and tomorrow’s.

UN Scrambles to Relocate Climate Conference After Chile Withdraws as Host

Chile’s decision to withdraw from hosting this year’s United Nations climate conference, COP 25, has international climate hawks calling for a quick effort to reorganize and relocate the meeting, to avoid losing time in the effort to speed up global greenhouse gas emissions and deliver assistance for vulnerable communities.

Frequent Flyer Levy Would Target 2% of UK Residents Who Take One-Fifth of the Flights

With aviation expected to become Britain’s single biggest source of greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, activist groups like Possible and Greenpeace and the UK’s Green Party are pushing for a frequent flyer levy to cut down on jet-setting.

Russian Industry Guts Draft Climate Law

Election Post-Mortems Point to Conservatives’ Climate Problem, Urge Massive Federal Investment in Carbon Reductions

In the wake of last week’s federal election results, two different clean transition organizations are pointing to the climate policy problem now facing Conservative politicians in Canada, and the opportunity for governments to invest in the shift off carbon.

Tower of Denial, U.S. Chamber of Commerce Forms Climate Task Force

With Climate on the Agenda, Advocates Call for Legislated Targets, Fossil Industry Phasedown

As election results rolled in last night in downtown Ottawa, climate hawks assessed the results of the first campaign in Canadian history where climate change was at the top of the political agenda. Now, they say the next step is to hold a reconfigured parliament accountable for the domestic action and international commitments that will make the country a world leader in responding to the climate crisis.

Fossil Emissions Kill Almost as Many as Tobacco, and Public Health Campaign Models Apply

The air pollution produced by fossil fuels kills almost as many people globally each year as tobacco use—a fact that jurisdictions ramping up their fight against climate change should share widely with both public health officials and the public as a whole, write policy experts Lourdes Sanchez and Nina Renshaw.

British PM to Chair New Climate Committee

Colossal Fossils Plot 35% Oil Production Increase Through 2030

With climate scientists, the United Nations, and millions of #ClimateStrike protesters around the world demanding faster, deeper carbon cuts, the world’s colossal fossils are poised to increase their oil production by seven million barrels per day over the next 12 years, in a strategy to generate one last, big surge of profits and emissions before demand for their product collapses.

Oil Lobby Wish List Would Drive Up Canada’s Fossil Emissions 60% by 2030, Analysis Shows

The overheated wish list that Canada’s oil industry is putting forward in this month’s federal election would use up 60% of the entire country’s 2030 carbon budget under the Paris Agreement, Toronto-based Environmental Defence concludes in a scathing analysis released Monday.

Business Coalition Urges All Federal Parties to ‘Renew Canada’s Climate Leadership’

A group of nearly four dozen Canadian business leaders has sent the parties running in the federal election an eight-point plan that calls on them to “renew Canada’s climate leadership” if they are a part of the country’s next government.

How the ‘Lionesses’ of Global Climate Diplomacy Brought Net Zero Targets to Life

Six years ago, a group of about 30 “lionesses” of international climate diplomacy gathered at a country estate in the borders region of Scotland to lay the groundwork for the 2015 Paris Agreement.

Google Searches for ‘Climate Change’ Outstrip Game of Thrones in September

With concern about climate change heating up and interest in Winterfell cooling down (because…wait for it…Winter is Coming, Jon Snow), it was bound to happen: last month, United States Google searches on the climate crisis finally exceeded those for Game of Thrones, for the first time since the long-running TV melodrama became a thing.

Donner: No Federal Party Has a Plan to Hit a 1.5 or 2.0°C Climate Target

At the midpoint in Canada’s climate change election, analysis by a University of British Columbia climatologist shows that none of the federal parties have put forward platforms that support holding average global warming to 1.5 or 2.0°C.

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Dozens of Countries Agree to Tackle Short-Lived Climate Pollutants

Faster, more coordinated reductions in short-lived climate pollutants (SLPCs) may be one of the lower-profile but more important results of last week’s United Nations Climate Summit in New York, after environment ministers from dozens of countries agreed to focus on a class of greenhouse gases that has mostly been overlooked so far in international climate agreements, InsideClimate News reports.

Energy Efficiency Day Generates Praise for State and Local Leaders, Promises to Do More

Massachusetts, California, Rhode Island, Vermont, and New York took top billing, while Maryland won honours as the most-improved U.S. state, when the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy released its 2019 50-state scorecard to coincide with Energy Efficiency Day October 2.

One Million Rally Across Canada, 7.6 Million World-Wide, as Thunberg Addresses #ClimateStrike March in Montreal

An estimated one million Canadians took to the streets Friday for youth-led #ClimateStrike marches and rallies in many dozens of communities across the country, part of a global day of action that saw many millions more around the world leave their schools and jobs to demand government action to reverse the climate crisis.

Warming Will Produce Rapid Sea Level Rise, Annual ‘100-Year’ Storms, Declining Fish Stocks, Shrinking Glaciers Without Fast Climate Action: IPCC

The world’s oceans will rise nearly one metre (three feet) by 2100, 100-year coastal storms and flooding will happen annually, fish stocks will see serious declines, snow and ice cover will diminish, and killer storms will get wetter and more powerful without fast action to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change, concludes the latest science report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), issued last week after a contentious negotiating session in Monaco.

Beer: Emissions Are Set to Rise Through 2050. And Fossils Think Climate Protesters Are the Naïve Ones?

With the latest trend report for fossil fuel consumption projecting higher carbon dioxide emissions through 2050, Canadian fossils are expressing the odd view that the million or more people who took to the streets for #ClimateStrike Friday are naïve to expect a rapid phasedown of fossil production.

Thunberg Wins ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’ as Right-Wing Attacks Backfire on Attackers

58 weeks into the global school strike movement for which she’s served as a focal point and an inspiration, #FridaysForFuture founder Greta Thunberg is drawing strong reactions from multiple directions, becoming a recipient of the 2019 Right Livelihood Award while fending off increasingly strident attacks from online deniers.

All Eyes on 2020 After UN Climate (Action) Summit Fails to Deliver

The tepid results of last week’s United Nations Climate Summit pointed to the need for political will to match the urgency of the climate crisis, the opportunities in climate solutions, and rising public demand that governments take action, E3G co-founder and CEO Nick Mabey writes for Climate Home News.

Leahy: India’s Climate Plan Puts Canada to Shame

UN Climate Summit Falls Short as Major Emitters Fail to Commit

With 77 smaller countries pledging to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, but the world’s biggest emitters largely failing to step up, UN Secretary General António Guterres’ much-anticipated Climate Action Summit is being cast as a missed opportunity to gain ground in the fight to get the climate crisis under control.

‘How Dare You?’ Thunberg Demands, as UN Climate Summit Gets Under Way

“How dare you?” was the question multiple media reports took away from Monday’s opening session of the United Nations Climate Action Summit, where #FridaysForFuture founder Greta Thunberg of Sweden was invited to the opening panel by UN Secretary General António Guterres.

‘Climate is Fast Outpacing Us’, Hitting ‘Sooner and Faster’ Than Expected, Agencies Warn UN Summit Delegates

The world’s leading international climate science agencies are predicting 2.9 to 3.4°C average global warming by 2100 based on governments’ current climate commitments, “a shift likely to bring catastrophic change across the globe,” The Guardian reports.

Youth Protesters’ Secret Recordings Catch Guterres’ Welcome (and Challenge) to Fossil Lobbyists

The night before #FridaysForFuture founder Greta Thunberg lashed Climate Action Summit delegates with her generation’s searing sense of betrayal over the climate crisis, a private dinner of the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative received a warm welcome from UN Secretary General António Guterres—who’d spent months urging governments to show up in New York with tangible carbon reduction commitments, and worked to assure a prominent spot for Thunberg during the summit.

530 Organizations in 76 Countries Sign Lofoten Declaration, Demand Oil and Gas Phaseout

With the fossil industry gearing up to spend US$1.4 trillion to increase production over the next five years, climate hawks were at the Climate Action Summit in New York this week with the news that 530 organizations in 76 countries had signed the Lofoten Declaration, calling for an oil and gas phaseout to deliver climate security and a strong economy.

http://www.greenpeace.org/canada/en/campaigns/Energy/tarsands/

Calgary Chamber of Commerce President Pitches Fossils at UN Climate Action Summit

With delegates and protesters from around the world gathered to push toward faster, deeper greenhouse gas reductions, the president of the Calgary Chamber of Commerce was at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York earlier this week to lobby for the Canadian fossil sector.

Four Million Join Global #ClimateStrike, with Next Walkout Set for September 27

The image of three climate protesters in Germany, standing at a gallows on blocks of ice in the shadow of Berlin’s iconic Brandenburg Gate, may have been the most searing of the many thousands of images that coursed through online channels, after an estimated four million youth and their supporters took part in at least 2,500 #ClimateStrike events around the world Friday.

36 Countries Expected to Announce New Climate Plans as UN Climate Summit Convenes

After months of preparations and arm-twisting, the United Nations is signalling that as many as 36 countries could announce more ambitious climate targets at today’s global climate action summit in New York City. 
But as delegates gather, the New York Times is pointing to a fundamental disconnect: the diplomats at UN headquarters and the four million protesters who thronged the world’s cities at last Friday’s #ClimateStrike live in separate worlds.

McGill Law Student Wins Global Essay Contest Arguing for Future Generations’ Climate Rights

A McGill University law student earned a spot at the United Nations Youth Climate Summit this past weekend by writing the winning submission to The Economist’s Open Future Essay Competition.

Trip to Block Island Test Site Shows U.S. Offshore Wind Has Arrived

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is out with a detailed, exquisitely-designed and -illustrated look at the offshore wind boom now getting under way off the east coast of the United States.

China Plans 226 GW of New Coal Plants

China is planning 226 gigawatts of new coal-fired power plants, according to a report by 30 environmental groups released just days before the country takes the podium at the much-anticipated United Nations climate summit in New York.

‘Watershed Moment’ Begins as Millions Pour Into Streets to Demand Emergency Climate Action

High school and post-secondary students, employees, businesses, scientists, and city governments are all stepping up to take part in a global strike for climate action that could mark a turning point in the mounting campaign for faster, deeper reductions in the greenhouse gas emissions that are feeding the climate crisis.

New Models Put Warming at 6.5 °to 7.0°C by 2100 Without Fast Action to Cut Carbon

Average global warming could hit 6.5° to 7.0°C by 2100, up to two degrees higher than the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s latest scenarios, if humanity doesn’t get its greenhouse gas emissions under control, according to new modelling by two leading research agencies in France.

Energy Transition Plan Shows Nova Scotia Cutting Emissions 50%, Creating 15,000 Green Jobs by 2030

Supplying 90% of Nova Scotia’s electricity from renewable sources, cutting energy consumption in social housing 60%, tripling energy efficiency in the electricity sector, electrifying personal and public transportation, cutting greenhouse gas emissions in half, and creating 15,000 green jobs are the key 2030 targets in a plan for the renewal of the province’s Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act, released this week by the Halifax-based Ecology Action Centre.

Big Investors Demand Faster Action on Climate Change, Amazon Deforestation

With the United Nations Climate Summit coming up in New York City next week, investor groups with tens of trillions of dollars at their command are calling for more effective government action on climate change and deforestation. But that isn’t stopping some of Wall Street’s biggest asset management companies from voting against climate change resolutions that would begin to bring colossal fossils like ExxonMobil and Duke Energy into the fight.

BREAKING: Thunberg to Deliver Terse Testimony to U.S. Congress

#FridaysForFuture founder Greta Thunberg is scheduled to deliver terse testimony at this hour to the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis, along with three other youth leaders.

250 News Outlets Launch Week of Intensive Climate Reporting

More than 250 news outlets around the world and dozens of institutional and independent partners are banding together to deliver an unprecedented wave of climate change reporting in the week leading up to United Nations Secretary General António Guterres’ climate summit in New York City September 23.

Airlines’ Emissions Grow More Than Twice as Fast as Fuel Efficiency

Airlines’ greenhouse gas emissions increased more than twice as fast as their improvements in fuel efficiency between 2016 and 2018, according to a new report by the International Council on Clean Transportation.

New Analysis Shows ‘Enormous Area’ of the Earth Above 2.0°C

Some of the planet’s hot spots are already above the temperature agreed by scientists and politicians as the maximum allowable to prevent a disastrous climate crisis, Climate News Network reports, in a summary of a detailed and evocative analysis from a team led by Washington Post climate specialist Chris Mooney.

Developing Countries Look for More Money, Greater Efficiency as Green Climate Fund Goes for Replenishment

The developing world will remember which rich countries kept their promises and which ones didn’t when it comes time to replenish the Green Climate Fund, the most important United Nations financing mechanism that will enable the majority of the world’s countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change impacts.

Fossils Could Lose $2.2 Trillion by 2030 if Countries Get Serious About Carbon Cuts

The world’s most colossal fossils have invested US$50 billion in less than two years in new oil and gas projects that undercut the fight against climate change, according to a new analysis by the UK-based Carbon Tracker think tank, the first ever to assess whether individual fossil projects would be financially sustainable in a low-carbon world.

May: Canadian Greens Would Not Back Any Other Party Based on Current Climate Plans

The federal Green Party wouldn’t support any of the other parties in a minority government situation based on their current climate action plans, Green leader Elizabeth May said last week, just seven weeks before the October 21 election.

Switzerland Sets 2050 Carbon Neutral Deadline

Scotland Lays Out Net-Zero Emissions Plan, Draws Fire for Continuing Embrace of Offshore Fossils

The Scottish government has outlined plans to make its 2045 zero emissions target a “centrepiece” of its program and “lay the foundations for a new Scottish Green Deal”. But at least one major environmental group is pointing to the “obvious contradiction” in the country’s continuing embrace of its offshore oil and gas industry, Global Citizen reports.

The 12-Year Target: How a 2030 Goal Became a Proxy for Deeper Decarbonization (and More Detailed Science)

The oft-cited 2030 deadline to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 45% is actually a stepping stone to the even more significant goal of total decarbonization by mid-century, InsideClimate News reports, in a review of the science behind a target date that has been cited frequently in the race for the U.S. Democratic Party’s 2020 presidential nomination.

Liberals Would Not Raise Carbon Tax During a Second Term, But Might Talk About It: McKenna

A re-elected Liberal government that took office this fall would not raise the federal carbon tax above its current 2022 threshold of C$50 per tonne, but might open consultations on a higher price toward the end of its second term in office, Environment and Climate Minister Catherine McKenna clarified Monday, after a series of conflicting news reports dating back to the weekend.

Canada, UK Boost Their Green Climate Fund Contributions, Still Fall Short of Fair Share

Canada and the United Kingdom both announced new contributions to the United Nations Green Climate Fund (GCF) during last weekend’s G7 meeting in France, but Canada’s announcement brought immediate concern the level of funding would short-change the countries most affected by the climate crisis.

G7 Wrap: Brazil Conditionally Accepts Some Wildfire Aid as Trump Skips Key Climate Discussion

Brazil closed off a chaotic end to this week’s G7 meeting in France by accepting some of the financial aid countries had offered to fight out-of-control wildfires in the Amazon rainforest, after President Jair Bolsonaro initially turned down the funds and questioned the motives behind the offer.

Canada’s Climate Plan Falls Behind G7 as Global Business Coalition Urges Tougher Targets

Canada’s climate action plan is one of the least ambitious among the world’s leading industrial countries, and none of the seven countries are anywhere near the strategies they would need to hit a 1.5°C target for average global warming, according to a Climate Action Network-France report released on the eve of the annual G7 meeting.

Jaccard: Scheer Climate Plan Would Put Canada 100 Megatonnes Farther Behind Its Paris Target

Equipped with neither a carbon price nor meaningful regulation, Conservative leader Andrew Scheer’s proposed climate plan would ultimately find Canada’s emissions 100 megatonnes higher by 2030 than they would be under the Liberal Party’s existing strategy, writes climate and sustainability expert Mark Jaccard.

California Cuts Carbon Even Faster Than Ambitious State Mandate

California is cutting its greenhouse gas emissions even faster than state regulations require, and produced more electricity from renewable energy than from fossil fuels for the first time in 2017, according to data released earlier this month.

Sanders Unveils $16.3-Trillion Climate Plan as Inslee Withdraws from Presidential Race

A 2030 deadline to convert the United States electricity and transportation systems to 100% renewable energy is a centrepiece of a US$16.3-trillion Green New Deal platform released last Thursday in Paradise, California, site of last year’s devastating Camp Fire, by Democratic presidential candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT).

Ambitious Climate Goals Set Engineers Scrambling

Financial Risk of Climate Change Has Economists, Ratings Agencies Worried

The potentially devastating economic and financial impact of unrestrained climate change has been coming into focus in several recent news stories, with global GDP on track to fall as much as 7.2% by 2100, accountants and ratings agencies taking note, and an economic historian warning the United States Federal Reserve to take action against a risk that could trigger the next global economic crash.

Leach: ‘Cloaked in Mystery, Choked with Irony,’ Scheer Climate Plan Walks Away from Paris Promise

When Conservative leader Andrew Scheer released his long-awaited climate plan last June, it was “so cloaked in mystery and choked with irony” that readers might not have noticed him walking back his previous commitment to a strategy that met Canada’s commitments under the 2015 Climate Agreement, respected Alberta economist Andrew Leach writes in an analysis for CBC News.

Increased Emissions May Drive Atmospheric Warming Farther, Faster Than Scientists Thought

Increased greenhouse gas emissions may drive up atmospheric temperatures by as much as 35% more than climate scientists previously believed, according to more than a half-dozen of the new climate models that will inform the next major assessment from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

China Think Tank Calls for Early Emissions Cap in 2025, But Banks Continue Funding Coal

China is sending out decidedly mixed signals on its climate and energy strategy, with an influential think tank calling for the country to cap its greenhouse gas emissions by 2025, five years ahead of schedule, but the country’s financial institutions delivering at least US$1 billion in “green” financing to coal-related projects in the first six months of this year.

Enviros Warn of ‘Propaganda’ as Indonesia Sets Permanent Moratorium on Logging Primary Forest

Indonesia has announced that a 2011 moratorium on logging primary forest will be made permanent, but environmental groups looking at gaps in the plan are declaring it little more than greenwashing.

Emerging Economies Put Onus for Climate Action on Richest Countries

Four of the world’s leading emerging economies are calling on rich countries to meet their international targets for pre-2020 climate action and stepped-up climate finance, but pointedly pushing back on UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ call to all nations to arrive at his climate action summit next month with concrete decarbonization plans.

Carbon Capture Unit on Australian LNG Megaproject Starts Up Four Years Late

Four years late and far over budget, Chevron Corporation has finally flipped the switch on a carbon capture and storage (CCS) system for the mammoth, $72-billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) project that has accounted for half of the annual increase in Australia’s carbon dioxide emissions.

Time for Australia to ‘Answer to the Pacific’, New Zealand PM Asserts

With 18 Pacific Island nations pressing Australia to agree to a global coal phaseout, New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern is urging Scott Morrison’s climate-denying Liberal coalition to “answer to the Pacific” on the climate crisis.

UK Chooses Glasgow to Host COP 26

BREAKING: Australia Tries to Drop 1.5°C Target from Pacific Declaration as Endangered Countries Demand Real Carbon Reductions

Australia is trying to water down references to the climate “crisis”, the long-term goal of 1.5°C average global warming, a ban on new coal-fired generation, and an end to fossil subsidies in the final declaration from this week’s annual Pacific Islands Forum leaders’ meeting in Tuvalu, according to an annotated draft seen and reported by Climate Home News.

EU Urged to Draw the Line After Brazil’s Amazon Deforestation Increases 278% in July

An influential UK newspaper is calling on the European Union to step up and help prevent a global deforestation disaster, after Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research reported that Amazon rainforest destruction had “exploded” to an estimated 2,254 square kilometres in July.

Thunberg Will Sail to North America for Major Climate Summit

Saudis Have Diplomats Questioning Consensus Pocess at COPs

Resource Giant BHP Links Executive Pay to GHG Reductions, Takes Responsibility for Scope 3 Emissions

Natural resource giant BHP Group will link executive pay to reductions in the company’s greenhouse gas emissions, and will include downstream or “Scope 3” emissions in the calculation, in what the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis calls a “landmark commitment” that shows “leadership towards implementation of the Paris Agreement”.

António Guterres

Guterres Asks Countries to Plan for Carbon Neutrality by 2050

United Nations Secretary General António Guterrres is laying down a two-week deadline for countries to sketch out their plans to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, ahead of formal announcements at the climate summit he’s scheduled to host in New York City September 23.

India Renewables Capacity On Track to Overshoot Paris Target by 60%

India is on track to overshoot a key Paris Agreement target by nearly 60% by obtaining close to two-thirds of its installed electricity capacity from renewable sources by 2030, according to a new report from the country’s Central Electricity Authority (CEA).

1.5°C Warming Limit Destroys One-Third of Oil Tanker Demand by 2050

Demand for oil tankers will shrink by one-third by 2050 if countries stay on track to hold average global warming to 1.5°C, meaning that some existing ships may ultimately become stranded assets, according to an analysis released last week by consultants at Maritime Strategies International (MSI) for the European Climate Foundation.

Visibly Retreating Glacier Motivated UK’s Theresa May to Net Zero Goal

Early Fossil Plant Shutdowns Will be Needed to Hit 1.5°C Average Warming Target

The world already has enough fossil fuel plants and high-emitting industrial facilities, buildings, and cars to drive average global warming above a 1.5°C threshold, according to an article earlier this month in the journal Nature.

62% of Americans Disapprove of Trump on Climate

‘Anti-Climate-Deficit Bill’ Would Filter All Federal Policies Through Climate Crisis Lens

The duty to safeguard Canadians against profound fiscal and physical harm now demands that all major policies and actions be viewed through the lens of the climate crisis, investigative reporter Justin Ling writes in a Globe and Mail op ed.

Finland Puts Climate at Top of EU Policy Agenda

Climate change is set to surge to the top of the European Union agenda, at least temporarily, with Finland beginning its six-month term in the European Council presidency this month.

Harrison: Building a Pipeline is Not a Climate Plan

The federal government’s decision to buy out, then re-approve the controversial Trans Mountain pipeline expansion means Prime Minister Justin Trudeau “has made a choice on our behalf, but Canadians should not kid ourselves that building a pipeline is a climate plan,” argues University of British Columbia political scientist and chemical engineer Kathryn Harrison, in a blistering retort to National Observer columnist Sandy Garossino’s recent post on Ottawa’s C$70-billion climate plan.

China Tips Plans for Faster Carbon Cuts as Severe Weather Impacts Mount

China announced plans last weekend to finalize new, tougher carbon reduction targets that reflect the “highest possible ambition” to combat the climate crisis, just days before government forecasters linked a series of extreme weather events sweeping the country to a changing climate.

Scientists Scramble to Understand Sudden Drop in Antarctic Sea Ice

Researchers startled by a sudden nosedive in Antarctic sea ice since 2014—at a rate that makes current Arctic melting look slow by comparison—are pointing to the likelihood of further accelerated melting at both poles as yet another reason to limit average global warming to 1.5ºC.

Scientists Debate Whether Revised Temperature History Reduces Available Carbon Budget

A recent revision of sea surface temperature records from the mid-20th century to the present has scientists and policy-makers considering whether the carbon budget to keep average global warming to 1.5°C should be revised downwards by as much as a third—and questioning researchers whether the update is relevant to the climate impact communities actually experience on the front lines of the crisis.

New Analysis Reveals ‘Clean’ Natural Gas as ‘the New Coal’

Methane leaks from liquefied natural gas (LNG) and other parts of the gas production chain are making the supposedly “clean fuel” a climate pollutant on par with coal, with the vast majority of the new development taking place in Canada and the United States, CBC reports.

Overlapping ‘Downstream Disruptors’ Spell Troubles for Fossil Exploration and Development

Oil and gas exploration companies are facing down a half-dozen simultaneous, overlapping threats to their financial success, according to two recent stories in the Rigzone industry newsletter.

New Government in Denmark Aims for 70% Carbon Reduction by 2030

A 70% greenhouse gas reduction by 2030 is on the agenda for Denmark, after the country’s centre-left Social Democrats reached a deal with three other parties that will enable them to form a minority government.

Poorest Will Face ‘Climate Apartheid’ if Crisis Deepens, Rule of Law Crumbles

Near-universal failure to acknowledge the magnitude of the climate crisis risks setting the stage for an era of “climate apartheid,” in which private wealth becomes the only guarantor of (relative) well-being and positive social forces like democracy and the rule of law crumble, warns a recent United Nations report.

Saudis Lead Fossil States to Block 1.5°C Report, Declare Island States a ‘Disposable Global Zone’

A landmark report on 1.5°C pathways was forever dropped from formal consideration in United Nations climate negotiations, and Climate Action Network-International scorched countries for their “weak political positions on responding to the climate crisis,” as mid-year negotiations to implement and push beyond the 2015 Paris Agreement wrapped up yesterday in Bonn.

Investors Representing $34 Trillion in Assets Urge Rapid Climate Action by G20

A group of 477 retirement funds and investors representing US$34 trillion in assets is calling on world leaders to adopt carbon pricing and phase out coal plants in a bid to hold average global warming to 1.5°C, in a statement released ahead of the upcoming G20 summit in Osaka, Japan.

Webinar: 1.5°C Still Doable Without ‘Unproven, Dangerous’ Geoengineering

It isn’t too late to limit average global warming to 1.5°C without resorting to geoengineering, and deploying geoengineering technologies such as carbon capture storage (CCS) and solar radiation management (SRM) would be counterproductive and dangerously irresponsible, according to panelists at an April 25 webinar.

Saudi Arabia Obstructs UN Adoption of IPCC’s 1.5°C Pathway Report

Countries participating in mid-year climate negotiations in Bonn this month are at risk of excluding the IPCC’s landmark report on 1.5°C pathways from their consideration of climate science, with alarmed health professionals calling out Saudi Arabia for its continuing refusal to accept the conclusions in the October, 2018 special report.

Scheer Climate Plan ‘Like Building a House Without a Hammer’, Mirrors Fossil Industry Campaign Demands

More than a year after he promised it, and after weeks of mounting hype, Conservative leader Andrew Scheer released his party’s climate plan Wednesday, a glossy, 60-page document with no fixed carbon reduction target that he cast as Canada’s best shot at meeting its 2030 goal under the Paris Agreement.

Time for Countries to ‘Step Up Their Game’ on Paris Commitments, 1.5°C Targets

With the urgency of the climate crisis demanding bold and immediate action, this year’s edition of the annual Climate Action Tracker (CAT) report calls out the large majority of governments that are falling short of their carbon reduction commitments under the 2015 Paris Agreement, putting them that much farther from policies consistent with a relatively stable climate at 1.5°C average global warming.

Global Plastics Boom Drives Annual CO2 Increase to Seven-Year High

The global boom in plastics was a key factor driving the sharp rise in carbon dioxide emissions in 2018, Greenpeace UK’s award-winning Unearthed news site reports, based on analysis of the latest world energy review released by colossal fossil BP.

Tories Propose Carbon Tax Repeal After House Passes Climate Emergency Motion

With the votes barely counted on the climate emergency motion adopted by Canada’s House of Commons Monday evening, Conservative MP Ed Fast was scheduled to put forward a measure calling on the Trudeau government to repeal its carbon tax and “replace it with a real environmental plan.”

Bui: Time for a Federal Leaders’ Debate on Climate Crisis [Sign-On]

After seeing the climate crisis crash into the two places she calls home, Vietnam and Ottawa, Our Time Ottawa organizer Vi Bui is pushing for Canada’s Green New Deal and calling for a leaders’ debate on climate during the federal election this fall.

CAN-Rac: Canada’s Next Climate Plan Must Cut Carbon Faster, End Fossil Subsidies

Faster carbon reductions, an end to fossil subsidies, more support for international emission reductions, and a commitment to “leave no community, group, or worker behind” are the cornerstones of the comprehensive, accountable climate plan Canada will need after this year’s federal election, Climate Action Network-Canada (CAN-Rac) asserts in a policy paper released earlier this week.

Ontario NDP Promises Net-Zero Carbon Economy by 2050

Ontario would move toward a net-zero carbon economy by 2050 under an as-yet uncosted plan released by New Democrat leader Andrea Horwath during her party’s annual convention last Saturday in Hamilton.

South Pacific Islands Lead Fight for Faster Carbon Cuts as UN Prepares for September Summit

South Pacific islands whose very existence is imperiled by climate change continue to use the “moral force” of their endangerment to build consensus on the imperative for swift climate action. With two weeks of mid-year climate negotiations under way in Bonn, Germany, and a United Nations special summit on climate coming up in September, Time Magazine is out with a timely recap of their progress since the 2015 conference that adopted the Paris Agreement.

Critics Scorch UK’s Net-Zero Announcement for Slow Transition, Misuse of International Carbon Credits

Soon-to-depart Prime Minister Theresa May has unveiled legislation to make the UK the first G7 country to enshrine a 2050 net-zero carbon deadline in law, with a plan that has taken fire from analysts and activists for its reliance on international carbon credits and yet-to-be-proven “negative emissions” technologies.

IEA Could (Finally) Include 1.5°C Scenario in 2019 Annual Outlook Report

The International Energy Agency (IEA) is developing a scenario for holding global warming below 1.5°C that could be included in its influential annual outlook this year.

Climate Emergency Declarations Should Lead to Citizen Assemblies, Greater Resilience

Bloomberg Funds $500-Million Campaign to Shut All U.S. Coal Plants by 2030

Billionaire former New York mayor Michael Bloomberg is donating US$500 million over three years to Beyond Carbon, a new push to phase out all remaining coal plants in the United States by 2030 and begin the process of shutting down the country’s natural gas plants.

Satellite Tracking Could Help Hold Big Carbon Emitters to Account

The struggle to hold power plants legally accountable for their carbon dioxide emissions—or, failing that, to force greater compliance with regulations—may have gotten a bit easier, thanks to a California-based non-profit that has figured out how to track, compile, and share emissions data gathered by satellite.

‘Winning’ the Climate Conversation Means Changing the Subject, Pivoting to Solutions

The best way to “win” the public conversation about climate change might be to change the subject, suggest two recent posts in the New York Times and The Conversation.

António Guterres

80 Countries to Announce Tougher Climate Targets at UN Summit in September

About 80 countries are on track to announce tougher greenhouse gas reduction targets during United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres’ climate summit this September, a UN official said Tuesday, the same day that Guterres warned that fossil fuel subsidies are helping “to destroy the world”.

Australia Reports Rising Emissions, Sees Strong Renewables Potential, as Adani Mine Fight Intensifies

The intensity surrounding recent national elections in Australia is rolling over into the post-campaign period, with the country’s greenhouse gas emissions still rising, its potential for renewable energy development still catching attention, the fight over the massive Carmichael coal mine reaching a fever pitch, and its most heavily-populated state feeling the full force of climate-driven drought.

Scotland Adopts Net Zero by 2045, Claims World’s Most Ambitious Climate Target

Italy’s Climate-Denying Politicians Want to Host COP 26

‘We Are the Ones We’ve Been Waiting For’: Youth from 125 Countries Join May 24 School Strike

The day before more than one million young people in 125 countries around the world took to town and city streets yet again to demand climate action, #FridaysforFuture founder Greta Thunberg called upon all adults, and especially parents, to “step up alongside us” in a global climate strike September 20.

UN Shipping Agency Wastes Time ‘Rearranging Deck Chairs’, Ignores Climate Emergency

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) squandered valuable time debating procedure and process when it could have been working to decarbonize the global shipping industry, appalled members of the Clean Shipping Coalition concluded after the agency wrapped up a meeting of its Marine Environment Protection Committee in London, UK last week.

U.S. Study Shows Path to Climate Recovery Without Economic Hit

Stop New Coal Plants by 2020, Cut Fossil Subsidies, UN Secretary General Urges

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres is calling on countries to stop new coal plant construction by 2020, accelerate the shutdown of existing facilities, and “tax carbon, not people” in order to avert the “total disaster” that will occur if climate change is not brought under control.

BP Backs Shareholder Resolution Linking Emission Cuts to Executive Pay

BP is supporting a shareholder resolution at its annual meeting today that calls for greater transparency about its greenhouse gas emissions, links between emission reductions and executive pay, and an indication of how its future investments will match up with the targets in the 2015 Paris Agreement.

Blockbuster Report Shows Plastics Producing 850 Million Tonnes of Emissions This Year

Producing and incinerating plastic will emit more than 850 million tonnes of greenhouse gases this year, the equivalent of 189 new 500-megawatt coal plants, according to a blockbuster report released this week by the U.S. Center for International Environmental Law and five other organizations.

Pressure Mounts for Emission Cuts, Speed Reductions in International Shipping

With a key International Maritime Organization (IMO) committee meeting in London this week to address pollution and greenhouse gas emissions on the high seas, environmental groups are warning that the UN agency is off-course in the effort to align the industry with a 1.5°C world.

Singh Discovers New Interest in Climate, Declares Against Oil and Gas Fracking in Wake of B.C. Byelection Loss

A week after the Green Party of Canada won a British Columbia byelection in a seat formerly held by the New Democrats, NDP leader Jagmeet Singh is discovering new interest in the climate crisis, declaring himself against oil and gas fracking, and expressing concern about liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports from B.C.

Alberta Carbon Tax Repeal Will Have ‘No Bearing’ on Trans Mountain Decision, Trudeau Says

Alberta Premier Jason Kenney is on the verge of tabling a bill that will cancel his province’s carbon tax by the end of the month, a move that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says will have “no bearing” on whether the federal government re-approves the controversial Trans Mountain pipeline expansion.

Atmospheric CO2 Hits 415.26 PPM, Highest Level Since Humans Evolved

Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide were measured at 415.26 parts per million (ppm) on Saturday, believed to be the highest level since humans first evolved.

Hero or Villain? International Policy-Watchers Weigh Trudeau’s Climate Record

With many Canadians engaged in a pitched pre-election debate about whether Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is a climate hero or villain (average of all answers: yes), The Tyee’s Geoff Dembicki says he got some surprising answers when he put the question to a collection of global climate experts.

‘Construction Behemoth’ Heidelberg Cement Matches Emission Targets with Paris Agreement

The world’s fourth-largest cement company pledged on Monday to bring its emission reduction targets in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement, in a first for the industry.

Bolsonaro Axes Head of Brazil Forum for Climate Change

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has fired the self-described “militant environmentalist” at the helm of his country’s Forum for Climate Change, after the group began organizing a dozen state governments to set up their own climate policy council, independent of the federal government.

UN Updates Key GHG Reporting Method

Biden Faces Criticism for Planning a ‘Middle Ground’ Climate Platform [Petition]

Former U.S. vice president Joe Biden, fresh from announcing his run for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination, is taking criticism for reported plans to carve out a “middle ground” on climate change in his campaign platform designed to satisfy environmentalists and blue collar voters alike.

Ireland Declares Climate Emergency

Ireland has become the second country, after the United Kingdom, to declare a climate emergency, with Climate Action Minister Richard Bruton warning that “things will deteriorate very rapidly unless we move very swiftly, and the window of opportunity to do that is fast closing.”

Trove of Documents Shows Fossil Manipulation of UN Climate Process from 1989 to 2002

The fossil-backed Global Climate Coalition (GCC) obstructed the United Nations climate assessment process for decades, using “lobbyists and industry-funded scientists to manipulate international negotiations,” Climate Liability News and DeSmog UK revealed last month, based on a trove of hundreds of documents produced between 1989 and 2002.

António Guterres

September Climate Summit Prompts Goal-Setting on Climate Mitigation, Adaptation, Finance

United Nations agencies and various international coalitions are beginning to gear up for the Climate Action Summit that UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres is set to convene in New York City September 23, with the heads of 37 UN agencies issuing a joint appeal for an “ambitious” climate response and nine track coalitions unveiling their work plans to deliver on that call.

Forget Kenney: Climate Change is Already Canada’s National Unity Crisis, Columnist Concludes

With Alberta Premier Jason Kenney fulminating about western alienation as a national unity crisis—after working so hard to stoke that alienation on the campaign trail—Globe and Mail columnist Gary Mason says Kenney is too late. The unity crisis is already here, and its name is climate change, amped up by the extreme communications of the social media era.

Extinction Threat Calls for ‘Paris Moment for Nature’: McKenna

Environment and Climate Change Minister Catherine McKenna is calling for a “Paris Agreement moment for nature” after an alarming UN commission report found nature declining “at rates unprecedented in human history”, with up to a million species at risk of extinction within decades.

Canadian Coalitions’ Election Platforms Call for Faster Action on Climate

With national elections in Canada just 5½ months away, three different coalitions are out with non-partisan campaign platforms aimed at propelling all the federal parties toward faster, more ambitious action on climate change.

Chile Declares ‘Time for Action’, Unveils Single Venue for COP 25

The next UN climate negotiations will be held at Cerrillos Bicentennial Park, Santiago, the Chilean presidency revealed last month.
In a launch event at La Moneda Palace, President Sebastián Piñera and Environment Minister Carolina Schmidt declared it “time for action” on climate change.

Permafrost Loss Could Produce $70 Trillion in Long-Term Costs, and Abrupt Thawing May Make It Worse

Just a week after researchers placed the cost of Arctic ice and permafrost melt as high as US$70 trillion, albeit over a span of nearly three centuries, a commentary in the journal Nature concludes that sudden permafrost collapse could double the warming from greenhouse gases released from northern tundra.

Spanish Socialists Coast to Election Win with ‘Sweeping’ Ecological Transition Program

Spaniards threw their weight behind a Green New Deal program Sunday, after re-electing the pro-climate Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE).

Cenovus Shareholders Reject Move to Align Emissions with Paris Targets

Shareholders at Cenovus Energy’s annual meeting in Calgary last week roundly defeated a shareholder resolution that would have required the Alberta tar sands/oil sands producer to align its greenhouse gas emission targets with the Paris Agreement.

Independent Data Confirms Warming Trend, as Models Suggest Worse May Be Ahead

A recent review of satellite data is confirming that the Earth is already warming, possibly somewhat faster in the highest latitudes than previously believed, while new modelling suggests a warming surge may be on the horizon.

McKibben Compares Climate Fight to Second World War, Sees Solutions ‘Well Within the Realm of the Possible’

Today’s climate crisis is akin to the challenges an earlier generation faced in the Second World War, and it’s “an honour and a privilege to be part of the battle,” 350.org co-founder Bill McKibben told an audience in Vancouver earlier this month.

Denmark to Introduce Climate Labels for Food

BREAKING: Emissions at Four Alberta Tar Sands/Oil Sands Mines 64% Higher Than Fossils Reported

Carbon pollution from four major tar sands/oil sands mines in northern Alberta is 64% higher than their owners reported using the United Nations’ standard emissions measurement framework, according to a study released this morning in the journal Nature Communications.

Veteran Climate Negotiator Arrested in London, Says Paris Implementation ‘Not Delivering’

After decades working inside the law, international climate lawyer and diplomat Farhana Yamin charged through a police line, dived under the arms of an officer and superglued her hands to the pavement outside the London headquarters of oil company Shell.

Declare Climate Change a ‘Festering Injustice’, IPCC Author Urges Teen Protesters

I was invited to speak to a group of teenagers on climate strike in Oxford recently. Like many scientists, I support the strikes, but also find them disturbing. Which I’m sure is the idea.

Canada Reports Greenhouse Gas Emissions Increase for 2017

Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions increased marginally in 2017, from 708 to 716 million tonnes, driven mostly by increased oil and gas production, according to the national inventory the country filed this week with the United Nations climate secretariat.

Climate-Vulnerable Countries Plan New Tools to Fund Green Development

With at least a billion people in developing countries facing serious risk as the climate warms, the 48 members of the Vulnerable Twenty Group of Ministers of Finance (V20) is introducing a new set of tools to free up more funds at less cost for green development.

Investment Houses See Climate Targets Undercutting Fossils, Warming Above 2.0°C Boosting Financial Risk

Continued fossil industry development came under increased pressure from investors over the last week, with a major fund manager concluding that climate targets could undercut global oil demand by the mid-2020s and one of the world’s biggest investment advisors warning of trouble ahead if global climate goals are missed.

Analysis: Alberta Misses Out on Grown-Up Conversation About Fossil Transition

With Albertans voting tomorrow in the province’s 30th general election, most of the punditry and virtually every opinion poll reinforce the popular wisdom that rage at a failing fossil economy has made Jason Kenney’s United Conservative Party pretty much bulletproof and headed for a massive electoral win.

Bloomberg Columnist Echoes Calls for 1.5°C Scenarios from IEA

A Bloomberg News opinion columnist is turning to Google Maps as an analogy for an annual energy futures roadmap from the International Energy Agency (IEA) that has policy-makers presuming continuing high demand for fossil fuels, rather than giving serious consideration to off-fossil strategies that will help get climate change under control.

Today’s Children Will Have One-Eighth the Lifetime Carbon Budgets of Their Grandparents

Children born today will have to live their lives with carbon footprints one-eighth the size of their grandparents’, according to a new interactive tool published last week by Carbon Brief.

Chile to Push for Faster Carbon Cuts at 2019 UN Climate Conference

Trump-Appointed World Bank Chief Promises Continuity on Climate Goals

Analysis: If Kenney Takes Alberta, Trudeau Finally Gets to Make a Decision

With Jason Kenney’s United Conservative Party (UCP) looking virtually certain to win the Alberta provincial election next week, news analysts are beginning to weigh in on the implications for Canadian pipeline politics and climate strategy.

$21 Billion in Fossil Investment ‘Completely Undermines’ World Bank Support for Paris Goals

The World Bank is contributing US$21 billion to finance fossil fuel projects, compared to only $7 billion for renewable energy, notwithstanding then-president Jim Yong Kim 2015 promise that the institution would “do its utmost” to support the goals of the Paris Agreement, German NGO Urgewald reports in a scathing study released yesterday in Washington.

Several U.S. Agencies Snub Trump Climate Panel

Renewables Make Decarbonization $15 Trillion Cheaper, Promise $160 Trillion in Savings by 2050

The plummeting cost of solar and wind farms, coupled with government policies driving faster electrification, has cut the cost of reaching global climate goals by US$15 trillion in the last year, concludes a report issued this week by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).

Bank of America Announces $300 Billion for Low-Carbon Business, But Still Hasn’t Dropped Fossil Investments

Bank of America has announced plans to invest an additional US$300 billion in low-carbon and sustainable business activities by 2030, increasing its total funding to $445 billion since 2007.

Cooling to Avert Heat Stress Could Cost African Regions $487 Billion by 2076

It will cost three key regions of Africa as much as US$487 billion in energy use by 2076 to deal with increased heat stress if the world’s governments fail to live up to their commitments under the Paris Agreement, according to a new modelling study reported in the journal Climatic Change.

Indonesia Sees Path to Prosperity in ‘Mainstreaming’ Low-Carbon Development

Indonesia’s planning minister has said the country will choose a low-carbon development pathway after a government report found it could significantly boost the economy.
By 2045, the centenary of Indonesia’s independence, citizens could be as wealthy as those of the Netherlands or Germany today, the report found. But it will need to make careful choices across all sectors of the economy.

Chinese Cities Step Up to Do Their Part for Paris Goals

Canada Falls Short on Efforts to Cut Emissions, Phase Out Fossil Subsidies, Environment Commissioner Reports

Canada still isn’t on track to meet its greenhouse gas reduction targets or phase out fossil fuel subsidies, federal Environment Commissioner Julie Gelfand warned last week, in the last report she will issue before her five-year term expires.

Ryanair Nominated for ‘Mile High Emissions Club’ After Making EU’s Top-10 List of Climate Polluters

While touting itself as “Europe’s Greenest Airline”, budget carrier Ryanair has become the first company that doesn’t run a coal-fired power plant to break into the top-10 list of European climate polluters, prompting a headline writer at Grist to nominate the company for membership in the “mile high emissions club”.

Business, Investment Leaders Demand IEA Scenarios that Drive Toward 1.5°C

It’s high time for the International Energy Agency to develop future scenarios that show a reasonable prospect of keeping average global warming to 1.5°C, while taking a precautionary approach to so-called negative emission technologies, a group of more than 40 business leaders, investors, and energy specialists asserts in a letter released this week by Oil Change International.

Canada Warming at Twice the Global Average, Deep Emission Cuts and Adaptation ‘Imperative’, Ottawa Concludes

Climate change is warming Canada twice as fast as the global average, Northern Canada is heating up nearly three times as fast, and three of the last five years were the country’s warmest on record, Environment and Climate Change Canada revealed this week, in the first of a series of Canada’s Changing Climate Reports (CCCR) the department plans to roll out between 2019 and 2021.

Australia Yanks Support from UN’s Green Climate Fund as National Elections Loom

Australia will stop contributions to the United Nations’ major fund for battling climate change this year, according to government budget papers released on Tuesday.
With a federal election looming, the government followed up on Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s threat not to “tip money into that big climate fund”.

Extreme Weather Displaced Two Million, Affected 62 Million in 2018, WMO Reports

Extreme weather affected 62 million people in 2018 and displaced two million as of September that year, according to the latest in an annual series of State of the Climate reports released Thursday by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_heat

UBS Bans Project-Level Finance for New Coal Plants

Swiss banking giant UBS has adopted new lending guidelines that ban project-level finance for new coal-fired generating stations around the world.

‘Incremental’ Gains in Budget 2019 Fall Short of a Path to Climate Stabilization

Finance Minister Bill Morneau’s pre-election budget March 19 would have been “an historic milestone of massive proportions” had a government of any political stripe introduced it five, 10, or 20 years ago, but falls short of the climate challenges that every government today must confront, The Energy Mix publisher Mitchell Beer writes in a guest post for the Canadian Science Policy Centre.

Indonesia Could Quit Paris Agreement Over EU Palm Oil Ban

Indonesia is threatening to withdraw from the Paris Agreement if the European Union pursues plans to ban palm oil as a component of renewable fuels.

Environment Commissioner Sees Ontario Climate Policy in ‘Frightening’ State as Ford Closes Her Office

Climate policy in Ontario is in a “frightening” state, Environment Commissioner Dianne Saxe warned Wednesday, in the final report her office will issue before it is closed down by the provincial government of Doug Ford.

Russian Climate Legislation Has ’80-90% Chance’ of Passing Despite Pushback from Fossils, Oligarchs

Russia is considering climate legislation that could give the world’s fifth-largest emitter a framework for regulating carbon emissions for the first time.

CO2 Emissions Rise 1.7% in 2018 as Energy Demand Sets Record, Coal Consumption Grows

Global carbon dioxide emissions increased 1.7% in 2018, driven by record-high energy demand and still-increasing use of coal-fired power plants, the International Energy Agency reported yesterday.

BP Says It Has ‘Dramatically’ Cut Exploration, Will Leave Some Oil and Gas in the Ground

A senior official at colossal fossil BP says his company has “dramatically” reduced oil and gas exploration and might ultimately leave a sizeable share of its fossil resources in the ground, in a post originally published on Business Green.

Top Global Fossils Spent $1 Billion Since Paris to Lobby Against Climate Action: Report

The world’s five biggest publicly-traded fossil companies have spent more than US$1 billion in shareholders’ money to lobby against climate action in the years since the Paris Agreement was signed, even as they continue to tout their environmental credentials, according to a report released this week by UK-based InfluenceMap.

UK Needs a Greener New Deal

‘Alarming’ Report Shows $1.9 Trillion in New Fossil Investment Since Paris Accord

Leading global banks have invested nearly US$2 trillion in fossil projects since the Paris Agreement was signed, according to an annual report card released today by the Rainforest Action Network, BankTrack, Sierra Club, Oil Change International, the Indigenous Environmental Network, and Honor the Earth.

Observer Editorial: It’s Shameful of Adults to Force Children to Lead on Climate

It’s shameful that children should have to be the grown-ups in the room and lecture their parents and grandparents on the need to take the climate crisis seriously, The Observer acknowledges in a blistering editorial responding to last week’s #FridaysForFuture school strikes, published Sunday by The Guardian.

Veteran Climate Hawk Finds ‘Inspiration, Humility, Hope, Sadness’ in #FridaysForFuture

Last Friday, hundreds of thousands of students in the United States and around the world were out in the streets rather than in their classrooms, demanding that our political leaders address the climate crisis with the urgency and focused action that the science so clearly demands.

1.4 Million Students in 128 Countries Make March 15 #schoolstrike a Global Phenomenon

More than 1.4 million students in more than 300 cities across 128 countries and all seven continents skipped classes to demand climate action at an estimated 2,229 events in more than 40 languages on Friday, March 15, as The Guardian reported that 16-year-old Youth Strike for Climate founder Greta Thunberg had been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Doig: International Equity is the Key to Faster, Deeper Carbon Cuts

Hitting the Paris Agreement goal of keeping average global warming well below 1.5°C will depend on a “frank and open discussion on equity” that drives negotiators toward faster, deeper emission cuts and away from “conventional development paths,” argues Dr. Alison Doig, Head of Policy at Christian Aid, in a blog post published late last week.

Climate Hero Darcy Belanger, Canadian Youth Delegates Killed in Ethiopian Airlines Crash

It isn’t every day that someone sets out to build an international environmental treaty with their bare hands. That’s what Darcy Belanger, Director of Strategic Initiatives for Parvati.org, was trying to achieve when he boarded Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 to attend this week’s United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) in Nairobi, Kenya.

Forest Protection Would Save 6.2 Gigatons of Carbon by 2050

Forest protection places #38 on Drawdown’s list of climate solutions, with the potential to avoid 6.2 gigatons of carbon dioxide emissions by 2050 and sequester an astonishing 896.29 gigatons.

UK Climate Goals Depend on ‘Completely Decarbonizing’ Gas Supply

UK Official Calls for ‘Grown-Up Conversation’ on Keeping Fossil Fuels in the Ground

A senior government official from the United Kingdom, one of Canada’s staunchest allies on international climate action, is calling for a grown-up conversation on the need to keep fossil fuel reserves in the ground.

Reforestation Could Offset 10 Years of Emissions, But Countries Are Behind on Forest, Land Use Promises

After years of severely underestimating the number of trees on Earth, scientists are now calculating that a massive, global reforestation effort could offset at least 10 years of greenhouse gas emissions produced by human activity.

Ban Ki-moon Urges UK to ‘Recalibrate’ Export Financing to Exclude Fossils

The United Kingdom must prove that it’s serious about phasing out fossil fuel use world-wide, not just on its own territory, by cutting off financing for fossil imports by developing countries, former United Nations secretary general Ban Ki-moon asserts in an opinion piece for The Guardian.

Greta Thunberg

EU Chair Commits Billions to Climate Mitigation, Endorses Thunberg’s #SchoolStrike

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker promised an EU budget with billions of euros per year for climate change mitigation, in a speech he delivered in Brussels last week alongside Swedish school strike leader Greta Thunberg.

Canada’s Forests Emit More Carbon Than They Absorb, But Ottawa Spins a Different Story

A mid-February analysis on CBC gets at one of the most persistent myths in Canadian carbon accounting—that the country’s forests absorb more carbon than they emit, or in some erroneous versions of the story, soak up so much carbon dioxide that there’s no need to worry about the rest of the country’s emissions.

Mining Giant Glencore Announces Coal Extraction Cap…at 145 Million Tonnes Per Year

Multinational mining giant Glencore is bowing to investor pressure and putting a cap on the amount of coal it extracts—but will still produce about 145 million tonnes of the climate-busting fuel per year.

Climate Matters More than ‘Energy Dominance’ to Western U.S. Voters

B.C. Budgets $902 Million to Fully Fund CleanBC Climate Plan

The British Columbia government is getting strong positive reviews for a provincial budget that allocates $902 million over three years to fully fund its CleanBC climate program.

Shell Buys Energy Storage Start-Up But Faces Legal Jeopardy for Past Fossil Activities

Royal Dutch Shell moved last week to shore up its position in the transition off carbon by buying German energy storage start-up Sonnen GmbH, while simultaneously facing legal jeopardy for its past and present behaviour as one of the world’s biggest fossils.

18-Month Reprieve for Hambach Forest Won’t End Germany’s ‘Climate Policy Paralysis’

Exotic Carbon Capture Techniques Prop Up Fossil Interests, Aren’t Needed to Hit 1.5°C, New Study Asserts

The urgency and scope of the climate crisis are being needlessly exploited to drive fringe ideas like carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and solar radiation management (SRM) from the margins to the mainstream, according to a hard-hitting report issued last week by the Washington-based Center for International Environmental Law and Berlin’s Heinrich Böell Foundation.

Ontario Introduces Carbon Tax After Railing Against Carbon Taxes

The Doug Ford government in Ontario is introducing a carbon tax on large emitters that exceed a yet-to-be-established provincial standard, after launching a lawsuit against the federal floor price on carbon and deliberately gutting the province’s most affordable pathways to a sustainable economy.

11 EU States Have Hit Their 2020 Carbon Target

Chevron Tries to Avert Shareholder Showdown with Half-Hearted Paris Pledge

Colossal fossil Chevron Corporation may have headed off a shareholder showdown by committing to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to match up with the Paris Agreement. But that doesn’t mean it plans to cap its oil output or take responsibility for the emissions that result when customers use its products as directed.

Dozens of Democrats, One Republican Table Pro-Paris House Resolution

Atmospheric Methane Increases Could ‘Negate or Reverse Progress’ on CO2 Cuts

Increases in atmospheric methane between 2014 and 2017 could put the targets in the Paris Agreement out of reach, and point to the “urgent need to reduce methane emissions, especially from the fossil fuel industry,” according to a new research article published last week by the American Geophysical Union.

Equipment Manufacturer Urges Bold Energy Efficiency Action to Meet Paris Climate Goals

Energy efficiency is poised to meet the carbon reduction targets in the Paris Agreement, depends on readily-available technology, and constitutes a trillion-dollar opportunity, writes Kim Fausing, President and CEO of Danish energy systems manufacturer Danfoss, in a recent post for the World Economic Forum. All that’s needed is a change of mindset on the part of energy consumers—especially the big industrial ones—and smart governance.

Critics Scorch Ottawa City Budget for Climate Inaction

Green New Deal Envisions Net-Zero Emissions in 10 Years Through WWII-Scale Effort

Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA) released an outline of the Democrats’ Green New Deal yesterday, in the form of a 14-page Congressional resolution that would bring U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to net zero in 10 years by “dramatically expanding and upgrading renewable power sources”.

Average Warming Could Temporarily Exceed 1.5°C in Next Five Years

Four major meteorological agencies have now confirmed that 2018 was the fourth-warmest year on record, with the UK Met Office calculating a 10% chance that average global warming will temporarily exceed the critical 1.5°C threshold in at least one of the next five years.

Canada Falls Farther Behind Its Paris Emissions Target, with Fossils the Primary Driver

Carbon pollution from Canada’s fossil industry and some questionable assumptions about carbon credits are driving projected greenhouse gas emissions more than 100 million tonnes beyond the country’s 2030 target under the Paris Agreement, according to an analysis of the federal government’s latest emission calculations.

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California Could Become a ‘Timely Laboratory’ for Cutting Fossil Fuel Production

California may be setting itself up as a “timely laboratory” to test supply-side reductions in fossil fuel production as a key tool for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions, three authors with the Stockholm Environment Institute suggest in a recent paper in the journal Nature Climate Change.

New Great Lakes Governors Make Climate a Priority

Irish High Court to Rule on Challenge to National Climate Plan

New Climate Policy Puts Barclays Bank on ‘Wrong Side of History’

Thunberg Addresses World Economic Forum: ‘Our House is On Fire’

16-year-old climate strike leader Greta Thunberg of Stockholm brought her message to 3,000 CEOs attending the World Economic Forum in Davos last week, after travelling 32 hours by train to get to the Swiss mountain resort.

100% Renewables, Land Restoration Can Meet 1.5°C Target Without ‘Unproven’ Geoengineering Techniques

A rapid shift to 100% renewable energy by 2050, combined with land restoration efforts to boost the resilience of natural ecosystems on every continent, would be enough to hold average global warming below 1.5°C without resorting to unproven and potentially dangerous “negative emissions” techniques, according to a two-year modelling effort conducted by 17 leading scientists and funded by the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation.

Include Climate Impacts in Trans Mountain Review, IPCC Authors Urge NEB

New fossil projects like the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion will make it far tougher to meet the 1.5°C global warming target that is essential for averting the worst effects of climate change, a Canadian climate scientist told the National Energy Board this week.

Ghana Kicks Off Year of Climate Ambition

Massive U.S. Oil and Gas Expansion Imperils Global Climate Goals, Oil Change Warns

The United States is “gearing up to unleash the largest burst of new carbon emissions in the world between now and 2050,” with an oil and gas expansion equivalent to nearly 1,000 coal-fired power plants, according to an explosive new analysis released last week by Oil Change International and 17 other organizations.

Hmaidan Out, CAN International Apologizes as Harassment Investigation Concludes

Wael Hmaidan has been sacked as leader of an influential climate campaign network, after an investigation found he had bullied and harassed staff, particularly women.

64% Chance that Full Fossil Phaseout Would Keep Average Warming Below 1.5°C

Humanity would have a 64% chance of keeping average global warming under the crucial 1.5°C threshold if all fossil infrastructure were replaced with zero-carbon alternatives at the end of its operating life, according to a new study in the journal Nature Communications.

Veteran Negotiator Declares UN Climate Process a ‘Co-opted Charade’, Paralysed by ‘Groupthink’

United Nations climate negotiations are paralysed by “groupthink” and won’t deliver the speed and depth of carbon reductions that will hold off the worst effects of climate change, writes veteran COP participant Kit Vaughan, in a recent post on the Lush Cosmetics website that calls for stepped-up citizen action in lieu of an incremental, fossil-dominated UN process.

Chile Foresees More Wildfires Due to High Winds, Low Humidity, Plantation Forests

Chile’s government expects the area burned by wildfires to double this year, the country’s agriculture minister said last Tuesday morning, as flames continued to rage through the heart of the country amid a heat wave.

Scheer Walks Back Commitment to Canada’s Paris Agreement Target

Federal Opposition leader Andrew Scheer has shifted his position on implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement, backing away from an earlier commitment to unveil an environment plan that includes steps to meet Canada’s targets under the global deal.

Ontario Climate Plan Undercuts Cities’ GHG Reduction Efforts, Fails on Green Jobs

The Ontario government’s new climate change plan undercuts cities’ ability to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions while failing to set the stage for a green jobs strategy for Canada’s biggest province and industrial heartland, according to separate posts last month by Julia Langer of The Atmospheric Fund and Liliana Camacho of Toronto-based Horizon Advisors.

Cameron: When Climate Leaders Are Childish, Children Must Be Leaders

In a world where climate leaders are childish, children like Sweden’s Greta Thunberg show up as leaders, acclaimed Canadian journalist and author Silver Donald Cameron argues in a post for The Green Interview.

Climate Change Threatens ‘Catastrophic’ Impacts for Scotland Wildlife

Policy Moves, Front-Line Action Could Make 2019 a ‘Breakthrough Year’ for Climate Solutions

After a bruising year of climate change news, including alarming reports of far worse in the future and an incomplete result at the United Nations climate conference in Katowice, Poland, 2019 is dawning as something improbable: A year of hope for effective climate action.

U.S. House Energy Committee Plans First Hearing on Climate Change

UK Credit Agency Faces Scrutiny Over Fossil Investments

French Climate Petition Approaches Two Million Signatures in One Week as Groups Plot Legal Action

A petition protesting France’s failure to honour its commitments under the 2015 Paris Agreement has collected nearly two million signatures in one week, making it the country’s most popular sign-on ever—far exceeding the tally for the country’s well-publicized gilets jaunes (Yellow Vests) movement, at just over a million.

Money, Burning, dollar, currency

Investors Foresee Massive Financial Crash Without Rapid Response to Climate Change

The global economy is on track for a financial crash several times the scale of the 2008 financial crisis if governments don’t drastically scale back greenhouse gas emissions and phase out all coal burning, a group of 415 institutional investors with a collective US$32 trillion in assets warned last week, during the United Nations climate change conference in Katowice, Poland.

Recognition of Loss and Damage Emerges as COP 24 Success Story

Recognition of the loss and damage vulnerable countries face due to the inevitable impacts of climate change is emerging as a major success story in the aftermath of this year’s United Nations climate change conference in Katowice, Poland.

Saudi Negotiator Lays Out Objections to IPCC’s 1.5°C Report

In the first week of this year’s United Nations climate change conference, Saudi Arabia was one of four petro-states that blocked delegates’ full acceptance of the IPCC report on 1.5°C pathways, chewing up scarce and valuable negotiating time along the way. In a subsequent interview with Carbon Brief Editor Leo Hickman, senior Saudi negotiator Ayman Shasly claimed that “we adore and we really like the Paris Agreement” and laid out his country’s reasoning for standing firm against full adoption of the report.

WoodMac Scenario Has Fossils at 77%, 2°C Out of Reach in 2040

The Hard Work Starts Now as COP Delivers Incomplete Rule Book, Low Ambition

After two weeks of marathon negotiations ended with a deeply equivocal, incremental response to the global climate crisis, COP 24 in Katowice, Poland ended where it began: with a wide spectrum of delegates and other climate specialists declaring that the hard work begins now.