Indonesian Haze and Second-Generation Biofuels
For nearly 20 years, pulp, paper, and palm oil plantations have farmed Indonesia’s carbon-rich peatlands, burning surrounding forests and biomass for expansion. Unsurprisingly, Indonesia was ranked the 6th worst emitter of greenhouse gasses in 2014. A needed alternative to burning biomass is second-generation biofuels: turning non-food crops and non-edible parts of plants into fuel. Beyond lowering costs to the government and clearing peatland forests, it would provide jobs in rural areas and generate new revenue, reports Think Bioenergy.